A crater garden with several aromatics (e.g. oregano, lavender, rosemary, sage). Wild picking. Marketing in collaboration with  consortium partners.  

 Aromatics + nuts

 [1, 15]

Almond trees will be planted with aromatics.  


Most fruit trees are already planted. Some interplanting can take place.  

 Fruits interplanted with cactus


Fruits, such as pomegranate and wild apple, are interplanted with cactus. Furthermore, grass strips between cactus rows are improved for pollinators.  

 Food forest

 [7, 1, 19, 46]
It is a food forest between cactus, with circular areas dedicated to aromatics and timber species in a mix. Several species were selected: avocado, quince, pomegranate, almond, etc.  

 Apple orchard

Existing apple production. Adding wild apple trees. There is a good local market for apples.  

 Fruits and vegetables

 [7, 10]
Around the farm, small quantities of special species such as Actinidia chinensis, are combinated with fresh vegetables.  

 Vegetable between cactus rows


Various vegetable species are selected year-by-year, depending on market.  

Bee keeping


Currently bee keeping is entrusted to  a thirdy party. honey production is not  significant.
Soil improvement (i.e. grass grass strips between cactus rows) will positively affect  the presence of bees.




Mulching creates the optimal soil condition for the natural growth of edible mushrooms.   

 Natural fibres

Fibre is extracted from the cactus. the university of palermo made a study. a Market research is needed to identify   companies that might be interested to use this material and test it.  

 Plant nursery

A small nursery was started.  


Small-scale blackberry production.  

 Bamboo plantation


Existing bamboo plantation.  

 Timber and firewood

 [19, 12, 39,40, 46]

The idea is the creation of a natural fence 3 meters wide (Europ nettle tree, figs, Rhamnus alaternus). Quercus trees will be inoculated with mi mychorrizae for mushrooms. New fence to be repaired or constructed for as long as the natural fence is not full grown. Currently  sprouts are also used  as planting sticks and fencing poles.




 Food self-sufficiency


The idea is the creation of a network of 200 families that will order their required stuff once a year.  

 MTB trail


Creation of a ‘MTB café’ where bikers drink something and buy local products.


 Test Area


Testing: i) Opuntia leaves as mulching, chips  in different mix; ii) mobile henhouses.


 Study & Research Facilities


The farm will be an experimental and test area for organic and regenerative techniques. landowner offers area for research execution to universities, associations, NGO’s, other landowners. Volunteers are already hosted.


 Study and guided tour


Landowner already works with schools.  



 Erosion control + timber

 [37, 19, 45]

To limit and reduce surface soil erosion, rain pipes were built to collect excess rainwater in the terraces of the crater garden, and in the contour lines of almond grove and the orchards.  

 Wildlife protection


Bird and bat houses, as well as insect hotels installed to increase biodiversity of beneficial organisms like pollinators and natural enemies of pest. Poles for raptors. Furthermore, shelter for hedgehog and weasel were installed.   

 Insect and bird shelter



 Biodiversity promoting plants


Natural fences around the property support biodiversity and in the meantime act as firebreak lines. 




 Create employment


When production increases, employment will follow.  

 Provide social services


Working with schools.  

 Working with migrants


Landowner already works with migrants.  
   N. Name  Comments   
   1 Seed collecting & native species

Sicilian forestry protocol establish seedlings must be produced with  seeds collected locally.

  Existing vegetation

Natural regeneration is the focus in several areas. Oak, hawthorn, almond tree, and hackberry were left inside the preakly pear orchard , as well as  some blackberry brushes.

  Mycorrhizae & plants

Mycorrhizae used to produce mushrooms and inoculated onto plants to make them more resilient to droughts, diseases and increases root surface. This in cooperation with University of Palermo.


 On slopes.

  11  Conservation Tillage

 Everywhere no tillage for this property.

  14  Organic fertilizer

Mainly own prickly pear residuals. The "pastazzo" citrus waste-derived compost produced in Sicily was also added to soil.

  23  Planting in mixes

Everywhere planting in mixes. 

  26   Plant support Water aids study

Prickly pear residuals (fresh or dried crushed cladodes, or fresh in the bottom of the planting hole) and juta coffee bags are been used, as well as wheat straw in the almond grove. Cocoons were installed.

   27 Watering/Drip irrigation Tube with drip irrigation or manual emergency irrigation where needed.  
  29  Plant assist

Prickly pear residuals (integer and crushed cladodes) and juta coffee bags and wheat  straw.

  31  Grafting trees

Trees grafted in both nursery (apple, pomegranate and avocado) and in the field (wild olive and almond, quince).

  32  Diseased trees

First an analysis of potential death causes. If diseases, seedlings/plants are removed then buried, crushed or burned.

  33  Weed control

No chemicals. Mulching and cutting.

  34  IPM Plague control

By now no plagues, but if needed IPM will be used.

  35  Prunings

Pruning will be used as mulching, compost or chipped.

  43  Planting on ridges?

Yes, planting in furrows in crater gaden.

  44  Firewood 10% rule

Most deadwood is chipped, but perhaps some can be left.

  52 Root protection

Light Machines are used only to superficially till areas.