L2-L11 REAM - A&T (IT)









Planting aromatics (e.g. oregano, English lavender, Spanish lavender, saffron crocus, Lemon balm) to control erosion and increase food for pollinators.


 Annuals and seeds


Production of seeds of indigenous selected species (e.g. Lygeum spartum, Ampelodesmos mauritanicus) that are then used for naturalistic engineering purposes, such as the construction of natural fences.


 Biomass and Timber for naturalistic engineering

 [3 and 19]

Two sites localized in the steepest areas of property. Eucalyptus and Tamarix planted for poles production as erosion control products and fences. A sustainable harvesting plan is adopted to create a rotation system.  


 Bee keeping


The hives have been installed. Native species such as black bees have been used to avoid competition with wild bees. Honey will be sold. 


 Quercus & Truffle


Mycorrhizae inoculated downy oaks for production of black and whitish truffles and for improving plant health.


 Plant Nursery



Own production of plants for naturalistic engineering purposes. As part of project, mycorrhizae inoculation of planting materials. 




Almond, walnut and pistachio groves. Specifically, Pistacia vera and other local varieties will be grafted on Pistacia terebintus that is more resistant to drought.  

 Olive stand improvement


No tillage. Green manure and grass cutting are conducted.  

 Compost production


Compost produced mainly using pruning and wood wastes for own use and selling  



 Test Area

Testing: i) various species used for engineering purposed (Hydroseeding); ii) local walnut varieties ; iii) horticulture crops which wastes will be used for the production of compost.  



 Erosion control + timber

 [37 and 19]

Areas under high erosion risks, were sown with sulla clover (Hedysarum coronarium) to improve soil carbon and nitrogen content and contrast erosion. In addition, several tree species such as Tamarix capable to fix soil and avoid soil erosion, are planted in swales to reduce surface run-off.


 Insect and bird shelter


Bird and bat houses, as well as insect hotels installed to increase biodiversity of beneficial organisms like pollinators and natural enemies of pest. In addition, nidification poles for storks were created to attract them.


 Rivers & Open water


Planting aquatic plants for filtration. To avoid erosion shrub (e.g. mastic tree and wild rose) trees (e.g. poplar and willow) have been planted on banks and around ponds. A small deck was built to access the lake. Additionally, a floating islands for amphibian has been create with materials taken from the area.

   Biodiversity promoting plants

2-meter-wide natural fence around most of the others functions to support biodiversity and in the meantime to act as fire break lines (e.g. Opuntia). 



   Create employment


See honey and oil production  
   Provide social services
 Working with schools.  
   N. Name  Comments   
  1  Seed collecting & native species

 Sicilian forestry protocol establish seedlings must be produced with  seeds collected locally.

   Existing vegetation

 Transplantation of small trees, using dead and live eucalyptus trunks to build stork nests and poles, chipping other  woody vegetation to improve organic matter.

   Mycorrhizae & plants

 Mycorrhizae used to produce mushrooms and inoculated onto plants to make them more resilient to droughts, diseases and increases root surface. This in cooperation with university of Palermo.


 Swales will be created on slopes to reduce surface run-off and accommodate trees. 


 They will be made on slopes planting.

  11   Conservation Tillage

Just superficial tillage with light disc tiller for annuals and seeds and firebreak. On the other sites just cutting the vegetation with a shredder. 

  14   Organic fertilizer

Own compost (made with pruning and wood wastes) is used. 

  23   Planting in mixes

Plant in cocoons and controls were planted following this AM.

  26   Plant support Water aids study

Cocoons and jute discs were used in the first trial. The plan is to use mulching (leaves), biodegradable jute discs,  local chips and probably rocks.

  27   Watering/Drip irrigation

Drip irrigation in some parts and irrigation with water tanks on tractor where needed.

  29   Plant assist

 Biodegradable juta disc, shelter made with canna (Arundo donax), organic mulch (leaves), chips.

   31  Grafting trees

Trees grafted in both nursery and in the field (pistachia vera grafted onto pistachia terebintus, or almond grafted onto pear).

  32   Diseased trees

First an analysis of potential death causes. If diseases, seedlings/plants are removed then buried, crushed or burned.

  33   Weed control

No chemicals. Mulching and cutting.

  34   IPM Plague control

By now no plagues, but if needed IPM will be used.

  35   Prunings

Pruning will be used as mulching, compost or chipped.

  42   Biofuels

 When available will be used.

  43  Planting on ridges? 

Yes, planting in furrows is foreseen.